Biografie. Sergei Rachmaninoff. Unter dem strengen Regiment seiner Moskauer Lehrer entwickelte sich Rachmaninov zu einem. Der Komponist und Pianist Sergej Wasiljewitsch Rachmaninow wird geboren. Als Schüler ist er faul, fällt durch alle Prüfungen. Nach den ersten. Sergei Wassiljewitsch Rachmaninow war ein russischer Pianist, Komponist und Dirigent. <
Sergei Rachmaninov | Offizielle BiografieDie erste umfassende filmische Biografie des Komponisten-Genies Sergei Rachmaninow (). Die Doku verwebt kunstvoll Zitate. Sergei Rachmaninoff home page at oakcreekbible.com Discover his music, listen to soundclips, read a composer biography. Explore information, news. Biografie. Sergei Wassiljewitsch Rachmaninow (russisch Сергей Васильевич Рахманинов, wiss. Transliteration Sergej Vasil'evič Rachmaninov; er selbst.
Rachmaninov Biografie Contribute to This Page VideoHorowitz Rachmaninoff 3rd Concerto Mehta NYPO 1978
In Rachmaninov made his first tour of the United States having composed the 3rd Piano Concerto as a calling card. He appeared as a soloist with Gustav Mahler conducting the New York Philharmonic.
His further work on merging Russian music with English literature culminated in his adaptation of a poem by Edgar Allan Poe into choral symphony, "The Bells," which Rachmaninov considered to be the best of his works.
In he wrote the choral masterpiece: "All-Night Vigil" also known as the Vespres , fifteen anthems expressing a plea for peace at a time of war.
The Russian Revolution of and the destruction of his estate forced him to emigrate. On December 23, , Rachmaninov left Russia on an open sledge carrying only a few books of sheet music.
As a pianist, Rachmaninov made over a hundred recordings and gave over one thousand concerts in America alone between and His concert performances were legendary, and he was highly regarded as a virtuoso-pianist with unmatched power and expressiveness.
Unusually wide chords and deeply romantic melody lines were characteristic of his compositions. In , Rachmaninov signed a letter condemning the Soviet regime, that was published in the New York Times.
There was retaliation immediately, and his music was condemned by the Soviets as "representative of decadent art. During the s and s, he remained one of the highest paid concert stars.
At his home on Elm Drive in Beverly Hills Rachmaninov had two Steinway pianos which he played together with Vladimir Horowitz and other entertainers.
His love of fast cars was second to music, and led him to occasional fines for exceeding the speed limit. Zverev was zo gelukkig en trots op zijn ex-leerling dat hij als beloning Sergei een gouden horloge gaf.
Dat heeft hij tot zijn dood bij zich gedragen. Het concert ging totaal de mist in: Glasunov was dronken. Voor de jarige Sergei was dit een persoonlijke ramp: de symfonie betekende zeer veel voor hem.
Hij had het namelijk opgedragen aan Anna de vrouw van een goede vriend van hem die hij heel erg bewonderde. De gehele pers kraakte het werk af.
Dit werd een zeer gewaardeerd meesterwerk. Na deze moeilijke periode, is hij blijven componeren en musiceren. In stierf hij op zeventigjarige leeftijd, in Beverly Hills in Amerika waar hij de laatste jaren van zijn leven doorbracht.
Rachmaninof had dus een beroerde jeugd: een drankzuchtige vader, veel overleden familieleden, een moeder die hem lage rapportcijfers verweet, gedwongen op zeer jonge leeftijd op eigen benen te staan, een verpest debuut als componist.
Is Rachmaninof ondanks dit alles of juist door dit alles een groot kunstenaar? Ik denk dat de kwaliteit van zijn werk gewoon door heel erg veel aanleg en oefening is gekomen, maar ook door wat hij in zijn kinderjaren heeft meegemaakt.
Die zwarte tijd beluister je in de diepe triestheid van zijn muziek. Ik denk dat je die trieste gevoelens als kind opbouwt. De vraag is vervolgens of een beroerde jeugd ook een voorwaarde is om een groot en goed kunstenaar te worden.
Mijn vriend uit Amstelveen lijkt dat te denken. Maar als er veel grote kunstenaars zijn die een beroerde jeugd hadden een tochtig zolderkamertje, op water en brood, veel liefdesverdriet , is een beroerde jeugd nog niet perse nodig om een goed kunstenaar te worden.
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Nel , i Rachmaninoff acquistarono una casa negli Stati Uniti, dove consapevolmente ricreato l'atmosfera di Ivanovka: intrattenendo ospiti russi, impiegando domestici russi e seguendo le tradizioni russe La sua rinascita come compositore, fu possibile solo dopo che egli stesso ebbe costruito una nuova casa, Villa Senar sul lago di Lucerna, in Svizzera, dove trascorse le estati dal al La famiglia venne informata, ma il compositore no.
Una statua chiamata "Rachmaninov: The Last Concert", progettata e scolpita da Victor Bokarev, si trova ora nel World Fair Park a Knoxville, come omaggio permanente a Rachmaninoff.
Avrebbe voluto essere sepolto al Senar Villa, la sua tenuta in Svizzera, ma le condizioni della Seconda Guerra Mondiale resero questa richiesta impossibile.
Stanley Sadie, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians London: MacMillian, , 20 vols. ISBN His birth was registered in a church in the latter district,  but he was raised in Oneg until aged nine and he himself cited it as his birthplace in his adult life.
Upon hearing news of the boy's gift, Arkady suggested she hire Anna Ornatskaya, a teacher and recent graduate of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory , to live with the family and begin formal teaching.
Rachmaninoff dedicated his piano composition "Spring Waters" from 12 Romances, Op. Rachmaninoff's father had to auction off the Oneg estate in due to his financial incompetence; the family's five estates were now reduced to one.
Rachmaninoff remained critical of his father in later life, describing him as "a wastrel, a compulsive gambler, a pathological liar, and a skirt chaser".
Later that year his sister Sofia died of diphtheria and his father left the family for Moscow. In , Rachmaninoff suffered further loss when his sister Yelena died at age eighteen of pernicious anemia.
She was an important musical influence to Rachmaninoff who had introduced him to the works of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. As a respite, his grandmother took him to a farm retreat by the Volkhov River where Rachmaninoff developed a love for rowing.
In the autumn of , Rachmaninoff moved in with Zverev and stayed for almost four years, during which he befriended fellow pupil Alexander Scriabin.
Zverev, who believed composition was a waste for talented pianists, refused to speak to Rachmaninoff for some time and organised for him to live with his uncle and aunt Satin and their family in Moscow.
Rachmaninoff spent his summer break in with the Satins at Ivanovka , their private country estate near Tambov , to which the composer would return many times until Despite little faith from Siloti and Conservatory director Vasily Safonov as he had just three weeks' preparation, Rachmaninoff received assistance from a recent graduate who was familiar with the tests, and passed each one with honours in July Three days later, he passed his annual theory and composition exams.
Upon graduating, Rachmaninoff continued to compose and signed a ruble publishing contract with Gutheil, under which Aleko , Two Pieces Op. He was paid 50 rubles for his appearance.
In , Rachmaninoff spent a productive summer with friends at an estate in Kharkiv Oblast where he composed several pieces, including Fantaisie-Tableaux aka Suite No.
During his subsequent trip to Kiev to conduct performances of Aleko , he learned of Tchaikovsky's death from cholera. Rachmaninoff entered a decline following Tchaikovsky's death.
He lacked the inspiration to compose, and the management of the Grand Theatre had lost interest in showcasing Aleko and dropped it from the program.
The tour was not enjoyable for the composer and he quit before it ended, thus sacrificing his performance fees. In a more desperate plea for money, Rachmaninoff pawned his gold watch given to him by Zverev.
Among the pieces composed were Six Choruses Op. Rachmaninoff's fortunes took a turn following the premiere of his Symphony No.
Rachmaninoff had been considerably nervous before the performance, hiding in a staircase. Other witnesses suggested that Glazunov, an alcoholic, may have been drunk, although this was never intimated by Rachmaninoff.
Rachmaninoff fell into a depression that lasted for three years, during which he had writer's block and composed almost nothing.
He described this time as "Like the man who had suffered a stroke and for a long time had lost the use of his head and hands".
Two months later, he travelled to London for the first time to perform and conduct, earning positive reviews. During his time conducting in Moscow, Rachmaninoff was engaged to Natalia Satina.
However, the Russian Orthodox church and Satina's parents opposed their announcement, thwarting their plans for marriage. Rachmaninoff's depression worsened in late following an unproductive summer; he composed one song, "Fate", which later became one of his Twelve Songs Op.
The visit was unsuccessful, doing nothing to help him compose with the fluency he had before. By , Rachmaninoff had become so self-critical that, despite numerous attempts, composing had become near impossible.
His aunt then suggested professional help, having received successful treatment from a family friend, physician and amateur musician Nikolai Dahl , to which Rachmaninoff agreed without resistance.
That summer, Rachmaninoff felt that "new musical ideas began to stir" and successfully resumed composition. After the second and third movement premiered in December with Rachmaninoff as the soloist, the entire piece was first performed in and was enthusiastically received.
Amid his professional career success, Rachmaninoff married Natalia Satina on 12 May after a three-year engagement. Catherine's Women's College and the Elizabeth Institute.
In , in a career change, Rachmaninoff agreed to become the conductor at the Bolshoi Theatre for two seasons. He earned a mixed reputation during his time at the post, enforcing strict discipline and demanding high standards of performance.
He also worked with each soloist on their part, even accompanying them on the piano. In the course of his second season as conductor, Rachmaninoff lost interest in his post.
The social and political unrest surrounding the Revolution was beginning to affect the performers and theatre staff, who staged protests and demands for improved wages and conditions.
Rachmaninoff remained largely uninterested in the politics surrounding him and the revolutionary spirit had made working conditions increasingly difficult.
Catherine's and Elizabeth schools, leaving him only the option of composing. Increasingly unhappy with the political turmoil in Russia and in need of seclusion from his lively social life to be able to compose, Rachmaninoff with his family left Moscow for Dresden , Germany, in November The family stayed in Dresden until , only returning to Russia for their summer breaks at Ivanovka.
The painting served as the inspiration for Rachmaninoff's orchestral work of the same name , Op. His performance as the soloist in his Piano Concerto No.
While in Dresden, Rachmaninoff agreed to perform and conduct in the United States as part of the —10 concert season with conductor Max Fiedler and the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
His first appearance was at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts for a recital on 4 November The second performance of the Piano Concerto No.
Upon his return home in February , Rachmaninoff became vice president of the Imperial Russian Musical Society , whose president was a member of the royal family.
John Chrysostom Op. Soon after his resignation, an exhausted Rachmaninoff sought time for composition and took his family on holiday to Switzerland. They left after one month for Rome for a visit that became a particularly tranquil and influential period for the composer, who lived alone in a small apartment on Piazza di Spagna while his family stayed at a boardinghouse.
After six weeks, the Rachmaninoffs returned to their Moscow flat. In January , Rachmaninoff began a concert tour of England which was enthusiastically received.
John Chrysostom and felt disappointed with it. After spending two weeks writing the All-Night Vigil , he passed the score to Sergei Taneyev for proofreading and correcting errors in its polyphony , but it was returned unaltered.
It was received so warmly at its Moscow premiere in aid of war relief that four subsequent performances were quickly scheduled.
Scriabin's death in April was a tragedy for Rachmaninoff, who went on a piano recital tour devoted to his friend's compositions to raise funds for Scriabin's financially stricken widow.
On the day the February Revolution began in Saint Petersburg, Rachmaninoff performed a piano recital in Moscow in aid of wounded Russian soldiers who had fought in the war.
Following an August break with his family in the more peaceful Crimea , he performed at nearby Yalta on 5 September, which was to be his final concert in Russia.
On his return to Moscow, the political tension surrounding the October Revolution found the composer keeping his family safe indoors as often as possible and being involved in a collective at his apartment building, attending committee meetings and carrying out civil guard duties at night.
He completed revisions to his Piano Concerto No. Carrying what they could pack into their small suitcases, Rachmaninoff brought some notebooks with sketches of compositions and scores to the first act of his unfinished opera Monna Vanna and Rimsky-Korsakov's opera The Golden Cockerel.
They arrived in Stockholm , Sweden, on 24 December. In January , they relocated to Copenhagen , Denmark, and, with the help of friend and composer Nikolai von Struve, settled on the ground floor of a house.
Rachmaninoff toured between February and October During the Scandinavian tour, Rachmaninoff received three offers from the US: to become the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra for two years, to conduct concerts in 30 weeks for the Boston Symphony Orchestra, and to give 25 piano recitals.
Yet Rachmaninoff now considered the United States as financially advantageous, as he would not earn enough to support his family through composition alone.
He was unable to afford the travel fees, but his fortunes changed when Russian banker and fellow emigre Alexander Kamenka agreed to give him an advance loan for the journey.
News of Rachmaninoff's arrival spread, causing a crowd of musicians, artists, and fans to gather outside The Sherry-Netherland hotel where he was staying.
Rachmaninoff quickly dealt with business, hiring Dagmar Rybner, daughter of the Professor of Music at Columbia University , as his secretary, interpreter, and aide in dealing with American life.
The composer agreed, and Ellis organised 36 performances for the — concert season; the first took place on 8 December at Providence, Rhode Island , with a piano recital.
Rachmaninoff, still in recovery from a case of the Spanish flu , included his own arrangement of " The Star-Spangled Banner " in the program. Steinway's association with Rachmaninoff continued for the rest of his life.
With the concert season over in April , Rachmaninoff took his family on a break to San Francisco , California, where he recuperated and prepared for the upcoming season.
He adopted such a schedule over the next several years, performing across the country followed by a period of rest and practise. Performing allowed him to become financially secure without much difficulty, and he and his family lived an upper middle class life with servants, a chef, and chauffeur.
In , Rachmaninoff signed a recording contract with the Victor Talking Machine Company which earned him some much needed income and began his longtime association with RCA.
The operation failed to relieve his symptoms; he only found relief after having dental work later in the decade.
There too he maintained a Russian atmosphere by observing Russian customs, serving Russian food, and employing Russian servants. Rachmaninoff's first visit to Europe since emigrating to the US occurred in May with concerts in London.
For a while he rented a railway carriage that was fitted with a piano and belongings to save time packing and unpacking suitcases.
Demanding tour schedules caused Rachmaninoff's composition output to slow significantly; between his arrival to the US in and his death, he completed just six compositions barring some revisions to previous works and piano transcriptions for his concert repertoire.
By , his desire to compose had returned and sought a new location to write new pieces. He bought a plot of land in Switzerland near Hertenstein, Lucerne and oversaw the construction of his new home, naming it Villa Senar after the first two letters of his and his wife's name, adding the "r" from the family name.
In , Rachmaninoff and several others signed an article in The New York Times that criticised the cultural policies of the Soviet Union. The composer's music suffered a boycott in Russia as a result from the backlash in the Soviet press, lasting until In October , Rachmaninoff began a demanding concert season that consisted of 50 performances.
The tour marked the fortieth anniversary of his debut as a pianist, for which several of his Russian friends now living in America sent him a scroll and wreath in celebration.
The European leg in saw Rachmaninoff celebrate his sixtieth birthday among fellow musicians and friends, after which he retreated to Villa Senar for the summer.
Rachmaninoff agreed, so long the performance was not broadcast on the radio due to his aversion for it. The —40 concert season saw Rachmaninoff perform fewer concerts than usual, totalling 43 appearances that were mostly in the US.
The tour continued with dates across England, after which Rachmaninoff visited his daughter Tatyana in Paris followed by a return to Villa Senar.
He was unable to perform for a while after slipping on the floor at the villa and injuring himself. He recovered enough to perform at the Lucerne International Music Festival on 11 August It was to be his final concert in Europe.
He returned to Paris two days later, where Rachmaninoff, his wife, and two daughters were together for the last time before the composer left a now war-torn Europe on 23 August.
Upon his return to the US, Rachmaninoff performed with the Philadelphia Orchestra in New York City with conductor Eugene Ormandy on 26 November and 3 December , as part of the orchestra's special series of concerts dedicated to the composer in celebration of the thirtieth anniversary of his US debut.
It is his only piece he composed in its entirety while living in the US. Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra premiered the piece in January , which Rachmaninoff attended.
In December , Rachmaninoff began an extensive recording period which lasted until February and included his Piano Concerto Nos.
The job went to Richard Addinsell and the orchestrator Roy Douglas , who came up with the Warsaw Concerto. In early , Rachmaninoff was advised by his doctor to relocate to a warmer climate to improve his health after suffering from sclerosis , lumbago , neuralgia , high blood pressure, and headaches.
Shortly after a performance at the Hollywood Bowl in July , Rachmaninoff was suffering from lumbago and fatigue. He informed his doctor, Alexander Golitsyn, that the upcoming —43 concert season would be his last in order to dedicate his time to composition.
Rachmaninoff opted to continue with touring, but felt so ill during his travels to Florida that the remaining dates were cancelled and he returned to California by train, where an ambulance took him to hospital.